THE MOTOR VEHICLES ACT, 1988

CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER I 

PRELIMINARY

 

1.           Short title, extent and commencement      

2 .    Definitions

CHAPTER II

LICENSING OF DRIVER OF MOTOR VEHICLES

 

3.           Necessity for driving license                                        

4.           Age Limit in connection with driving of motor vehicles

5.           Responsibility of owners of motor vehicles for contravention of sections 3 and 4

6.           Restrictions on the holding of driving licenses

7.           Restrictions on the granting of learners licenses for certain vehicles

8.           Grant of learner's license

9.           Grant of driving license

10.       Form and contents of licenses to drive                         

11.       Additions to driving license

12.       Licensing and regulation of schools or establishments for imparting instruction in driving of motor vehicles                          

13.       Extent of effectiveness of license, to drive motor vehicles

14.       Currency of licenses to drive motor vehicles

15.       Renewal of driving licenses

16.       Revocation of driving license on grounds of disease or disability    

17.      Orders refusing or revoking driving licenses and appeals there from  

18.       Driving licenses to motor vehicles, belonging to the Central Government

19.       Power of licensing authority to disqualify from holding a driving license or revoke such license

20.       Power of Court to disqualify                                       

21.       Suspension of driving license in certain cases

22.       Suspension or cancellation of driving license on conviction

23.       Effect of disqualification order

24.       Endorsement                                                        

25.       Transfer of endorsement and issue of driving license free from endorsement

26.       Maintenance of State Registers of Driving Licenses

27.       Power of Central Government to make rules

28.       Power of State Government to make rules                            

 

 

CHAPTER III

 

LICENSING OF CONDUCTORS OF STAGE CARRIAGES

 

29.       Necessity for conductor's license

30.       Grant of conductor's license

31.       Disqualifications for the grant of conductor's license

32.       Revocation of a conductor's license on grounds of disease or disability

33.       Orders refusing etc., conductor's licenses and appeals there from

34.       Power of licensing authority to disqualify

35.       Power of Court to disqualify

36.       Certain provisions of Chapter II to apply to conductor's license

37.       Savings

38.       Power of State Government to make rules

 

 

CHAPTER IV

 

REGISTRATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

 

39.       Necessity for registration

40.       Registration, where to be made                                      

41.       Registration, how to be made

42.       Special provision for registration of motor vehicles of diplomatic officers, etc

43.       Temporary ,registration                                             

44.       Production of vehicle at the time of registration                   

45.       Refusal of registration or renewal of the certificate of registration 

46.       Effectiveness in India of registration                              

47.       Assignment of new registration mark on removal to another State     

48.       No objection certificate                                           

49.       Change of residence or place of business                           

50.       Transfer of ownership                                              

51.       Special provisions regarding motor vehicle subject to hire purchase agreement, etc.

52.       Alteration in motor vehicle                                         

53.       Suspension of registration                                         

54.       Cancellation of registration suspended under section 53             

55.       Cancellation of registration                                       

56.       Certificate of fitness of transport vehicles                       

57.       Appeals                                                             

58.       Special provisions in regard to transport vehicles                  

59.       Power to fix the age limit of motor vehicle                        

60.       Registration of vehicles belonging to the Central Government        

61.       Application of Chapter to trailers                                  

62.       Information regarding stolen and recovered motor vehicles to be furnished by the police to the State Transport Authority             

63.       Maintenance of State Registers of Motor vehicles                   

64.       Power of the Central Government to make rules                      

65.       Power of State Government to make rules                             

 

CHAPTER V

 

CONTROL OF TRANSPORT VEHICLES

 

66.       Necessity for permits                                              

67.       Power to State Government to control road transport                 

68.       Transport authorities                                               

69.       General provision as to applications for permits                    

70.       Application for stage carriage permit                               

71.       Procedure of Regional Transport Authority in considering application for stage carriage permit                              

72.       Grant of stage carriage permit                                     

73.       Application for contract carriage permit                           

74.       Grant of contract carriage permit                                    

75.       Scheme for renting of motor cabs                                   

76.       Application for private service vehicle permit                      

77.       Application for goods carriage permit                               

78.       Consideration of application for goods carriage permit             

79.       Grant of goods carriage permit                                     

80.       Procedure in applying for and granting permits                     

81.       Duration and renewal of permits                                    

82.       Transfer of permit                                                  

83.       Replacement of vehicles                                             

84.       General conditions attaching to all permits                         

85.       General form of permits                                             

86.       Cancellation and suspension of permits                              

87.       Temporary permits                                                  

88.       Validation of permits for use outside region in which granted      

89.       Appeals                                                              

90.       Revision                                                            

91.       Restriction of hours of work of drivers                             

92.       Voidance of contracts restrictive of liability                     

93.       Agent or canvasser to obtain license                               

94.       Bar or jurisdiction of Civil courts                                 

95.       Power of State Government to make rules as to stage carriages and contract carriage                                  

96.       Power of state Government to make rules for the purposes of this Chapter                                                             

 

CHAPTER VI

 

SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO STATE TRANSPORT UNDERTAKINGS

 

97.       Definition                                                           

98.       Chapter to override Chapter V and other laws                        

99.       Preparation and publication of proposal regarding road transport service of a State transport undertaking                          

100.    Objection to the proposal                                          

101.    Operation of additional services by a State transport undertaking in certain circumstances                                          

102.    Cancellation or modification of scheme                            

103.    Issue of permits to State transport undertakings                  

104.    Restriction of grant of permits in respect of a notified area or notified route                                                    

105.    Principles and method of determining compensation and payment thereof

106.    Disposal of articles found in vehicles                            

107.    Power of State Government to make rules                           

108.    Certain powers of State Government exercisable by the Central Government

 

CHAPTER VII

 

CONSTRUCTION, EQUIPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF MOTOR VEHICLES

 

109.    General provision regarding construction and maintenance of vehicles

110.    Power of Central Government to make rules                          

111.    Power of State Government to make rules                              

 

CHAPTER VIII

 

CONTROL OF TRAFFIC

 

112.    Limits of speed                                                    

113.    Limits of weight and limitation on use                             

114.    Power to have vehicles weighed                                      

115.    Power to restrict the use of vehicles                              

116.    Power to erect traffic signs                                        

117.    Parking places and halting stations                                

118.    Driving regulations                                                  

119.    Duty to obey traffic signs                                          

120.    Vehicles with left hand control                                    

121.    Signals and signaling devices                                     

122.    Leaving vehicles in dangerous position                             

123.    Riding on running board, etc.                                      

124.    Prohibition against traveling without pass or ticket

125.    Obstruction of driver

126.    Stationary vehicles

127.    Removal of motor vehicles abandoned or left unattended on a public place

128.    Safety measures for drivers and pillion riders                      

129.    Wearing of protective headgear                                     

130.    Duty to produce license and certificate of registration              

131.    Duty to the driver to take certain precautions at unguarded railway level crossings                                                    

132.    Duty of driver to stop in certain cases                            

133.    Duty of owner of motor vehicle to give information                   

134.    Duty of driver in case of accident and injury t a person           

135.    Schemes to be framed for the investigation of accident cases and wayside amenities, etc.                                            

136.    Inspection of vehicle involved in accident                          

137.    Power of Central Government to make rules                            

138.    Power of State Government to make rules                             

 

CHAPTER IX

 

MOTOR VEHICLES TEMPORARILY LEAVING OR VISITING INDIA

 

139.    Power of Central Government to make rules                          

 

CHAPTER X

 

LIABILITY WITHOUT FAULT IN CERTAIN CASES

 

140.    Liability to pay compensation in certain cases on the principle of no fault                                      

141.    Provisions as to other right to claim compensation for death or permanent disablement     

142.    Permanent disablement                                              

143.    Applicability of Chapter to certain claims under Act 8 of 1923      

144.    Overriding effect                                                  

 

CHAPTER XI

 

INSURANCE OF MOTOR VEHICLES AGAINST THIRD PARTY RISKS

 

145.    Definitions                                                        

146.    Necessity for insurance against third party risk                    

147.    Requirements of policies and limits of liability                    

148.    Validity of Policies of insurance issued in reciprocating Countries   

149.    Duty of insurers to satisfy judgments and awards against persons insured in respect of third party risks                            

150.    Rights of third parties against insurers on insolvency of the insured

151.    Duty to give information as to insurance                          

152.    Settlement between insures and insured persons                    

153.    Saving in respect of sections 150, 151 and 152                    

154.    Insolvency of insured persons not to affect liability of insured or claims by third parties    

155.    Effect of death on certain causes of action                        

156.    Effect of certificate of insurance                                 

157.    Transfer of certificate of Insurance                              

158.    Production of certain certificates, license and permit in certain cases   

159.    Production of certificate of insurance on application for authority to use vehicle   

160.    Duty to furnish particulars of vehicle involved in accident       

161.    Special provisions as to compensation in case of hit and run motor accident                                                           

162.    Refund in certain cases of compensation paid under section 161    

163.    Scheme for payment of compensation in case of hit and run motor accidents   

164.    Power of Central Government to make rules                          

 

CHAPTER XII

 

CLAIMS TRIBUNALS

 

165.    Claims Tribunals                                                  

166.    Application for compensation                                      

167.    Option regarding claims for compensation in certain cases         

168.    Award of the Claims Tribunal                                       

169.    Procedure and Powers of Claims Tribunals                           

170.    Impleading insurer in certain cases                                

171.    Award of interest where any claim is allowed                       

172.    Award of compensatory costs in certain cases                       

173.    Appeals                                                            

174.    Recovery of money from insurer as arrears of land revenue           

175.    Bar on jurisdiction of Civil Courts                                

176.    Power of State Government to make rules                           

 

CHAPTER XIII

 

OFFENCES, PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE

 

177.    General provision for punishment of offences

178.    Penalty for traveling without pass or ticket and for dereliction of duty on the part of conductor and refusal to ply contract carriage, etc                                                                

179.    Disobedience of orders, obstruction and refusal of information

180.    Allowing unauthorised persons to drive vehicles                   

181.    Driving vehicles in contravention of section 3 or section 4

182.    Offences relating to licenses                                      

183.    Driving at excessive speed etc.                                   

184.    Driving dangerously                                                

185.    Driving by a drunken person or by a person under the influence of drugs   

186.    Driving when mentally or physically unfit to drive                 

187.    Punishment for offences relating to accident                       

188.    Punishment for abetment of certain offences                       

189.    Racing and trials of speed                                          

190.    Using vehicle in unsafe condition                                 

191.    Sale of vehicle in or alteration of vehicle to condition contravening this Act  

192.    Using vehicles without registration                                

192A.      Using vehicle without permit                                       

193.    Punishment of agents and canvassers without proper authority

194.    Driving vehicle exceeding permissible weight                      

195.    Imposition of minimum fine under certain circumstances

196.    Driving uninsured vehicle

197.    Taking vehicle without authority                                  

198.    Unauthorised interference with vehicle

199.    Offences by companies

200.    Composition of certain offences                                   

201.    Penalty for causing obstruction to free flow of traffic            

202.    Power to arrest without warrant                                    

203.    Breath tests                                                      

204.    Laboratory test                                                    

205.    Presumption of unfitness to drive                                 

206.    Power of police officer to impound to drive                       

207.    Power to detain vehicles used without certificate of registration permit, etc.

208.    Summary disposal of cases                                         

209.    Restriction on conviction                                          

210.    Courts to send intimation about conviction                        

 

CHAPTER XIV

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

211.    Power of levy fee                                                 

212.    Publication commencement and laying of rules and notifications    

213.    Appointment of motor vehicles officers                             

214.    Effect of appeal and revision on orders passed by original authority

215.    Road Safety Councils and Committees                                

216.    Power to remove difficulties                                       

217.    Repeal and savings